INTELLIGENT TEXTILES 101
Intelligent textiles react to various stimuli and have three main functionalities: sensitivity, reactivity and adaptability. These functions create three categories of textile: passive, active and ultra-intelligent. Intelligent textiles are used mainly for heating, monitoring or as sensors. Integrating specific elements into textiles creates these functionalities. Elements include:
- Electronic components
LEDs, chips, thermistors, etc.
- Chemical components
micro-encapsulation, conductive polymers, etc.
- Materials with specific properties
conductive, piezoelectric, phase-changing, etc.
These components are embedded in the textiles, in the finished product and are known as first generation intelligent textiles. When electronic components or other elements are embedded in the textile structure of the weaving, knitting or embroidering processes, we have second generation Intelligent Textiles. Elements embedded in the fibres themselves represent third generation Intelligent Textiles.
WE ARE ALL ABOUT INTELLIGENT TEXTILES
Our specialized researchers at CTT Group are excited about this new pluridisciplinary sector and the numerous functions and applications it promises and look forward to see intelligent textile products commercialized. Our team is therefore concentrated on developing intelligent textiles and products. We are particularly focused on seamlessly integrating intelligent components into textiles during the manufacturing stage. With all of this new technology, we are also working on creating effective performance evaluation methods for intelligent textiles in order to add to the intelligent textiles standardization program.